In 15th century paving was used in many European countries. In that time cobblestone was popular. Cobblestone was used to cover dirt roads in order to provide a tidy and clean path for horses, carriage and carts. The rubble were collected from the riversides, next they were placed in sand and then they were covered and fixed by a cement mortar.
Strength and durability of paving
Paving was popular on 15th century because the rubble were the strongest natural material and on the other hand they were free and easy to find and of course they didn’t need to be carved. Still there are many roads which are covered by cobblestone.
Paving the streets of today
In the early 19th century streets were covered by stones like granite, sandstone and crystal stone. They were cut in different shapes and sizes. The most important advantage of paving is that all the roads are at the same level. In the late 20th century many roads were covered with many different kinds of stone due to the development of mining process.